차례
    1. 5.3 Origin
      1. 5.3.1 동일 소스 제한 완화

5.3 Origin

자원의 근원과, 자원의 유효한 스크립트 근원은 모두 불투명한 식별자이거나, 다음으로 구성되는 튜플입니다 : 스키마 컴포넌트, 호스트 컴포넌트, 포트 컴포넌트, 그리고 선택적으로 추가 데이터.

The origin of a resource and the effective script origin of a resource are both either opaque identifiers or tuples consisting of a scheme component, a host component, a port component, and optionally extra data.

암호화된 연결을 사용하는 경우, 추가적인 데이터는 사이트의 자격 증명을 포함할 수 있습니다. 이러한 것은 사이트의 자격 증명이 변경되었을 경우 근원이 마찬가지로 변경된 것으로 간주될 것을 확실히 하기 위함입니다.

The extra data could include the certificate of the site when using encrypted connections, to ensure that if the site's secure certificate changes, the origin is considered to change as well.

These characteristics are defined as follows:

For URLs

The origin and effective script origin of the URL is whatever is returned by the following algorithm:

  1. Let url be the URL for which the origin is being determined.

  2. Parse url.

  3. If url identifies a resource that is its own trust domain (e.g. it identifies an e-mail on an IMAP server or a post on an NNTP server) then return a globally unique identifier specific to the resource identified by url, so that if this algorithm is invoked again for URLs that identify the same resource, the same identifier will be returned.

  4. If url does not use a server-based naming authority, or if parsing url failed, or if url is not an absolute URL, then return a new globally unique identifier.

  5. Let scheme be the <scheme> component of url, converted to ASCII lowercase.

  6. If the UA doesn't support the protocol given by scheme, then return a new globally unique identifier.

  7. If scheme is "file", then the user agent may return a UA-specific value.

  8. Let host be the <host> component of url.

  9. Apply the IDNA ToASCII algorithm to host, with both the AllowUnassigned and UseSTD3ASCIIRules flags set. Let host be the result of the ToASCII algorithm.

    If ToASCII fails to convert one of the components of the string, e.g. because it is too long or because it contains invalid characters, then return a new globally unique identifier. [RFC3490]

  10. Let host be the result of converting host to ASCII lowercase.

  11. If there is no <port> component, then let port be the default port for the protocol given by scheme. Otherwise, let port be the <port> component of url.

  12. Return the tuple (scheme, host, port).

In addition, if the URL is in fact associated with a Document object that was created by parsing the resource obtained from fetching URL, and this was done over a secure connection, then the server's secure certificate may be added to the origin as additional data.

For scripts

The origin and effective script origin of a script are determined from another resource, called the owner:

If a script is in a script element
The owner is the Document to which the script element belongs.
If a script is in an event handler content attribute
The owner is the Document to which the attribute node belongs.
If a script is a function or other code reference created by another script
The owner is the script that created it.
If a script is a javascript: URL that was returned as the location of an HTTP redirect (or equivalent in other protocols)
The owner is the URL that redirected to the javascript: URL.
If a script is a javascript: URL in an attribute
The owner is the Document of the element on which the attribute is found.
If a script is a javascript: URL in a style sheet
The owner is the URL of the style sheet.
If a script is a javascript: URL to which a browsing context is being navigated, the URL having been provided by the user (e.g. by using a bookmarklet)
The owner is the Document of the browsing context's active document.
If a script is a javascript: URL to which a browsing context is being navigated, the URL having been declared in markup
The owner is the Document of the element (e.g. an a or area element) that declared the URL.
If a script is a javascript: URL to which a browsing context is being navigated, the URL having been provided by script
The owner is the script that provided the URL.

The origin of the script is then equal to the origin of the owner, and the effective script origin of the script is equal to the effective script origin of the owner.

For Document objects and images
If a Document is in a browsing context whose sandboxed origin browsing context flag was set when the Document was created
If a Document was generated from a resource labeled as text/html-sandboxed
The origin is a globally unique identifier assigned when the Document is created.
If a Document or image was generated from a javascript: URL
The origin is equal to the origin of the script of that javascript: URL.
If a Document or image was served over the network and has an address that uses a URL scheme with a server-based naming authority
The origin is the origin of the address of the Document or the URL of the image, as appropriate.
If a Document or image was generated from a data: URL that was returned as the location of an HTTP redirect (or equivalent in other protocols)
The origin is the origin of the URL that redirected to the data: URL.
If a Document or image was generated from a data: URL found in another Document or in a script
The origin is the origin of the Document or script that initiated the navigation to that URL.
If a Document has the address "about:blank"
The origin of the Document is the origin it was assigned when its browsing context was created.
If a Document is an iframe srcdoc document
The origin of the Document is the origin of the Document's browsing context's browsing context container's Document.
If a Document or image was obtained in some other manner (e.g. a data: URL typed in by the user, a Document created using the createDocument() API, etc)
The origin is a globally unique identifier assigned when the Document or image is created.

When a Document is created, its effective script origin is initialized to the origin of the Document. However, the document.domain attribute can be used to change it.

For audio and video elements

If value of the media element's currentSrc attribute is the empty string, the origin is the same as the origin of the element's Document's origin.

Otherwise, the origin is equal to the origin of the absolute URL given by the media element's currentSrc attribute.

Other specifications can override the above definitions by themselves specifying the origin of a particular URL, script, Document, or image.


The Unicode serialization of an origin is the string obtained by applying the following algorithm to the given origin:

  1. If the origin in question is not a scheme/host/port tuple, then return the literal string "null" and abort these steps.

  2. Otherwise, let result be the scheme part of the origin tuple.

  3. Append the string "://" to result.

  4. Apply the IDNA ToUnicode algorithm to each component of the host part of the origin tuple, and append the results — each component, in the same order, separated by U+002E FULL STOP characters (.) — to result. [RFC3490]

  5. If the port part of the origin tuple gives a port that is different from the default port for the protocol given by the scheme part of the origin tuple, then append a U+003A COLON character (:) and the given port, in base ten, to result.

  6. Return result.

The ASCII serialization of an origin is the string obtained by applying the following algorithm to the given origin:

  1. If the origin in question is not a scheme/host/port tuple, then return the literal string "null" and abort these steps.

  2. Otherwise, let result be the scheme part of the origin tuple.

  3. Append the string "://" to result.

  4. Apply the IDNA ToASCII algorithm the host part of the origin tuple, with both the AllowUnassigned and UseSTD3ASCIIRules flags set, and append the results result.

    If ToASCII fails to convert one of the components of the string, e.g. because it is too long or because it contains invalid characters, then return the empty string and abort these steps. [RFC3490]

  5. If the port part of the origin tuple gives a port that is different from the default port for the protocol given by the scheme part of the origin tuple, then append a U+003A COLON character (:) and the given port, in base ten, to result.

  6. Return result.

Two origins are said to be the same origin if the following algorithm returns true:

  1. Let A be the first origin being compared, and B be the second origin being compared.

  2. If A and B are both opaque identifiers, and their value is equal, then return true.

  3. Otherwise, if either A or B or both are opaque identifiers, return false.

  4. If A and B have scheme components that are not identical, return false.

  5. If A and B have host components that are not identical, return false.

  6. If A and B have port components that are not identical, return false.

  7. If either A or B have additional data, but that data is not identical for both, return false.

  8. Return true.

5.3.1 동일 소스 제한 완화

document . domain [ = domain ]

보안 체크를 위해 사용중인 현재의 도메인을 반환합니다.

Returns the current domain used for security checks.

값을 설정하여 서브도메인을 제거할 수 있고, 동일한 도메인의 다른 서브도메인에 속한 페이지들이 서로 영향을 끼칠 수 있게끔 활성 스크립트 근원을 변경할 수 있습니다.

Can be set to a value that removes subdomains, to change the effective script origin to allow pages on other subdomains of the same domain (if they do the same thing) to access each other.

The domain attribute on Document objects must be initialized to the document's domain, if it has one, and the empty string otherwise. If the value is an IPv6 address, then the square brackets from the host portion of the <host> component must be omitted from the attribute's value.

On getting, the attribute must return its current value, unless the Document has no browsing context, in which case it must return the empty string.

On setting, the user agent must run the following algorithm:

  1. If the Document has no browsing context, throw a SECURITY_ERR exception and abort these steps.

  2. If the new value is an IP address, let new value be the new value. Otherwise, apply the IDNA ToASCII algorithm to the new value, with both the AllowUnassigned and UseSTD3ASCIIRules flags set, and let new value be the result of the ToASCII algorithm.

    If ToASCII fails to convert one of the components of the string, e.g. because it is too long or because it contains invalid characters, then throw a SECURITY_ERR exception and abort these steps. [RFC3490]

  3. If new value is not exactly equal to the current value of the document.domain attribute, then run these substeps:

    1. If the current value is an IP address, throw a SECURITY_ERR exception and abort these steps.

    2. If new value, prefixed by a U+002E FULL STOP (.), does not exactly match the end of the current value, throw a SECURITY_ERR exception and abort these steps.

    3. If new value matches a suffix in the Public Suffix List, or, if new value, prefixed by a U+002E FULL STOP (.), matches the end of a suffix in the Public Suffix List, then throw a SECURITY_ERR exception and abort these steps. [PSL]

      Suffixes must be compared after applying the IDNA ToASCII algorithm to them, with both the AllowUnassigned and UseSTD3ASCIIRules flags set, in an ASCII case-insensitive manner. [RFC3490]

  4. Release the storage mutex.

  5. Set the attribute's value to new value.

  6. Set the host part of the effective script origin tuple of the Document to new value.

  7. Set the port part of the effective script origin tuple of the Document to "manual override" (a value that, for the purposes of comparing origins, is identical to "manual override" but not identical to any other value).

The domain of a Document is the host part of the document's origin, if that is a scheme/host/port tuple. If it isn't, then the document does not have a domain.

domain 속성은 하나의 도메인의 서로 다른 호스트에 속한 페이지들이 서로의 DOM에 영향을 미칠 수 있도록 사용됩니다.

The domain attribute is used to enable pages on different hosts of a domain to access each others' DOMs.

공유 호스팅을 사용할 경우 document.domain 속성을 사용하지 마십시오. 만약 신뢰할 수 없는 3사가 같은 IP 주소의 다른 포트에서 HTTP 서버를 호스팅할 수 있다면, 일반적으로는 동일한 호스트에서 서로 다른 사이트들을 보호하는 동일소스 보호 정책이 적용되지 않게 됩니다. 이러한 것은 document.domain 속성이 사용된 이후로는 근원을 비교하는 과정에서 포트가 무시되기 때문입니다.

Do not use the document.domain attribute when using shared hosting. If an untrusted third party is able to host an HTTP server at the same IP address but on a different port, then the same-origin protection that normally protects two different sites on the same host will fail, as the ports are ignored when comparing origins after the document.domain attribute has been used.